Protecting Your Nigerian Dwarf and Pygmy Goats With CDT Vaccine
There are only a few diseases you need to
worry about and most have vaccines to
Pygmy goats are a hardy bunch and when
properly housed and fed, they are unlikely to
come down with some dreaded disease. If you
start out with healthy goats, chances are pretty
good they will stay that way.
Goats are not likely to succumb to pneumonia
(a disease to which they are highly
susceptible) if their housing is well-ventilated
and draft-free. Sound housing is doubly
important for newborn kids.
Overeating disease, or enterotoxemia, can
spell death for a goat that binges on
concentrate or chows down on spring pasture
without first breakfasting on hay. Vaccination
can prevent this from occurring.
However, your goats shouldn't be affected if you limit access to concentrate, feed each day's ration in
two portions, and serve hay free choice. If, on the other hand, you use excess concentrate to push milk
production, protect your goats from enterotoxemia with a vaccination and an annual booster of
Clostridium perfrinigens CD toxoid and most vaccines also include tetanus toxoid.
Worms can be a problem where goats drop feces into their feed trough or water bucket, or graze the
same pasture year in and year out. The solution here is to practice controlled grazing and arrange
feeding equipment in a way that discourages fecal contamination. A periodic fecal test (take at least
one-dozen fresh manure pellets to your vet) will tell you if your goats are picking up worms, as well as
the kind of worm, so you can develop a prevention program.
Long-haired goats may be plagued by lice and other external parasites. A variety of insecticidal sprays,
dips, powders, injectables, and pour-one is available through farm stores and livestock supply catalogs
(for milk goats, get an insecticide approved for dairy use).
Udder infection, or mastitis, is a threat to any lactating doe. A doe's teat openings do not close
immediately after the doe has been milked (whether by human hand or a nursing kid). If the doe lies in
wet, messy bedding, bacteria can migrate into her under through the openings. Infection may also follow
an udder injury. Keep housing clean and remove objects that might injure a milk filled udder.
A goat's hooves grow constantly and need periodic trimming to keep the animal from going lame. Since
the rate of growth varies with the individual and the season, check hooves regularly. Using a hoof
trimming tool or pair of sharp pruning shears, take one tiny snip at a time until the bottom of each hoof
is parallel to the visible growth rings.
Poisonous Plants and Weeds
Click the link above for a list of plants and weeds that are poisonous to your Nigerian dwarf and pygmy
goats with a picture and the symptoms they cause.